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This work explains the importance of regulating memorial sites in Chile by implementing a specific law. Along with explaining the contributions provided by memorial sites in the process of transitional justice, we analyze the current process that exists in Chile for them to be declared historical heritage, following the application of Law No. 17,288 on National Monuments. We then compare the process employed in the declaration and recognition of memorial sites in Uruguay and Argentina, through the application of specific norms that have been passed for this specific purpose: the Recent Past Memorial Sites and Law No. 26,691 on State Terrorism Memorial Site Preservation, Signposting and Outreach, respectively. Finally, we explain the overall guidelines of the MERCOSUR Instituto de Políticas Públicas en Derechos Humanos (Human Rights Public Policies Institute).