Articles submission

Contributions must be sent in Word format (.doc or .docx) by email to, or using the web site's platform by signing in. The manuscripts will not exceed a total of 9.000 words, including footnotes, excluding bibliography. Longer articles will be exceptionally accepted. The manuscripts must comply with the editorial norms.

Peer Review Process

Brief description of articles selection process

Latin American Legal Studies is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal.

Every work sent will be examined preliminarily by the Editorial Team of Latin American Legal Studies, examining especially whether the article fits with the objectives of the journal. This decision will be informed to the author within 1 or 2 weeks of the submission of the article.

If a manuscript complies with the guidelines and is within the scope of The Journal, the editors will send the paper to at least two referees of the Editorial Board or Committee, or to selected referees. The guidelines for referees and the criteria applied by them relate to the content quality, relevance, scientific character, interest of the subject, whether scientific methodology was involved or not, updated use of primary and secondary literature and bibliography. The system of peer reviewed is anonymous. Reviewers are advised to follow the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers, available at

The final decision to accept or reject the article will belong to the Editorial Team, in coordination with the journal's Editorial Board. Typically, decisions are informed within 6 weeks after submission of the article.

Once accepted, the article The Journal translated into English (if the manuscript is written in Spanish), or into Spanish (if the manuscript is written in English). The translation will be made by professional translators, fully funded by the journal.

Special Issues

Latin American Legal Studies encourages the publication of special issues that aim to develop emerging areas of research within a field or provide a venue for deeper investigation into an existing research topic.

Any researcher can propose a topic for a Special Issue, contacting the Editors to the email The topic of the Special Issue must be of increasing interest within the field of study and within the scope of the journal. It should be broad enough to attract a reasonable number of submissions, but narrow enough to provide a cohesive collection of articles.

The Special Issue proposal should take the form of a Call for Papers, which should provide a brief summary of the area the Special Issue will cover, and where it sits within the wider subject, before going on to specify the topics and concepts that submitted articles should cover. This document should not exceed the 400 words approximately, and it should include a proponed submission deadline. Special Issues are led by a minimum of 1 and maximum of 3 Guest Editors. The proposal should state the name and affiliation of all editors of the proposed issue.

Special Issue proposals will be evaluated by the Editorial Board, who will assess the fit of the suggested topic for the Journal and measure the topic’s potential. Typically, this assessment by the Editorial Board takes two to three weeks from submission.

Once approved, the Special Issue will be open for submissions and a Call for Papers will be posted on the journal’s web site, in the Call for Papers section. The Guest Editors should also promote the Call for Papers among potential researchers.

Special Issue articles follow the same double blind peer review process as the other articles published in Latin American Legal Studies. Guest Editors serve the same function as Academic Editors for submissions to the Special Issue. If there is a conflict of interest for the Guest Editors with a particular submission, that submission will be handled by the Editorial Team of Latin American Legal Studies instead. If the Guest Editors submit their own articles, they will also be evaluated by the Editorial Team of Latin American Legal Studies.

Guest Editors are responsible only for the tasks that require their subject-specific expertise, such as selecting appropriate reviewers for submitted papers and making the final decision of accepting or rejecting a paper based on the review reports.

Articles selection process in deep

The following outline summarizes the peer review process:

Pre-review: Authors initiate the process by submitting the article through the Latin American Legal Studies OJS platform. At this stage, the Editor, in collaboration with the Editorial Committee, performs an initial review of the manuscript considering:

1) content quality, disciplinary relevance, scientific character, interest of the subject, whether scientific methodology was involved or not, updated use of primary and secondary literature and bibliography.

2) relevance with the editorial line.

3) compliance with the submission requirements.

4) initial anti-plagiarism review. In the case of non-compliance with the criteria 2 and 3, the authors are informed and allowed to make corrections. In the case of plagiarism detection and depending on the complexity, the Editorial Committee will inform the authors of the rejection or the possibility of correction. If all the criteria are met, the manuscript advances to peer review.

Peer Review: The Editor, with the collaboration of the Editorial Committee, requests the collaboration of peer reviewers considering the following criteria:

1) the peer reviewer has academic and research training and publications in the area of knowledge.

2) no conflict of interest that may affect the evaluation process.

Reviewers evaluate using the online form or word format and are encouraged to include qualitative comments or a copy of the manuscript with anonymized comments.

The evaluation options are:

1) rejected: the manuscript does not meet the criteria of relevance, originality, and quality.

2) accepted with major corrections: the article may be accepted after a second peer review process.

3) accepted with minor corrections: the Editorial Committee requests changes to the authors if their incorporation is verified the article is accepted.

4) accepted: the article may be published as is.

In those cases where the Committee deems it necessary, a third evaluator is used, whose criteria will inform the final decision.

The final decision for publication depends on the Editorial Committee and requires compliance with the established style and anti-plagiarism review.

Authors whose articles have been approved with modifications and/or approved for publication undertake to make corrections of content, form and style within 5 working days from the time of request.

Step 1. Pre-Check

Person responsible: Editor in Chief

Outcome: E-mail sent by the editor to the author with the decision to accept the article to initiate the peer review process, or a request to change the article, or the decision to turn down the article.

The following items are reviewed in the pre-check stage:

1. Whether the article is within the scope of the journal’s subject matter and methodology.

2. Whether the information on authorship, affiliation and metadata is complete and reliable.

3. Whether the document fulfills the journal’s criteria (see Author Guidelines).

4. Whether the bibliography section is of adequate size, is up to date and is comprised by recognized sources with their respective DOI links.

5. Whether the article has not been published previously in any language.

6. Whether the article fulfills the ethical and good scientific journal publishing practices described by COPE: the Committee on Publication Ethics, Singapore Statement on Research Integrity and the ELSEVIER: Publishing Ethics Resource Kit.

7. Whether there is any evidence of plagiarism in the manuscript.

8. Whether the manuscript meets minimum standards of style, spelling and punctuation.

9. Whether the article includes the required attachments, including the Letter of Submission.

Any manuscript that displays evidence of plagiarism, false information on the authors or any other ethical issue will be immediately turned down.

Articles that fail to meet any of the criteria (other than related to plagiarism or ethical issues) shall be given the opportunity to submit an amended version within a certain time limit. Manuscripts that do not include the required documentation (Authors’ Information Form and Letter of Originality) will not be allowed to move on to the review process until they fulfill such requirements.

Due to the diversity of legal and political science topics, the Editor in Chief may seek the assistance of the Publishing Coordinator and the Scientific Committee for the initial review.

Following up online: Once an article is accepted to move on to the peer review process, the status of the article in the journal’s platform will change from “Pending Assignment” to “Under Review”. From that point on, the author will be able to view the status of the process in the “Review” tab.

The submissions platform assigns a unique identifier to each article. When you make any inquiries or send an e-mail, make sure to include the assigned code in the subject line.

Step 2: Peer Review

Persons responsible: Co-Editor.

The peer review process takes approximately between 4 and 6 weeks, depending on the availability of the selected reviewers.

The article review at Latin American Legal Studies is defined as a review by peers who provide expert advice of the manuscript’s contents (and do not belong to the journal’s publishing team). It is a double-blind review, which implies that neither the authors nor the reviewers will know each other’s identity. A minimum of two reviewers will be assigned. This promotes the confidentiality of the article and the objectivity of the review process.

Article review.

The following are the peer reviewer selection requirements or criteria:

1. Minimum education of master’s degree in the field of knowledge of the article.

2. Scientific publications on the subject area of the reviewed article in the latest 2 years.

3. Not being affiliated with the same institution as the article’s authors.

4. Not having conflicts of interest with the journal or any of its members: authors, editors, committee members of administrative staff.

The selected peer reviewers will receive an invitation to participate in the review process from the Editor in Chief or the Co-Editor. The reviewer may either accept or decline the invitation. If it is accepted, the reviewer will have access to the full text of the anonymous article and to an on-line form to support the review process. The process will be caried out in the journal’s OJS (Open Journal System) platform or through the institution’s e-mail.

In this process, in addition to the subject matter and field of knowledge of the article, aspects are assessed regarding writing of the title; the contents and structure of the abstract; the selected keywords; the contents and structure of the introduction; the methodology presented; the level of argumentation; the results found; the discussion; the conclusions and the article’s overall impact and contribution to knowledge.

The peer reviewer will present his or her general comments and recommendations to improve the text and will issue his recommendation with one of the following verdicts:

Publishable without changes: The reviewed version of the article fulfills all requirements and can be published as it is.

Publishable with minor changes: The article requires minor changes that can be easily corrected.

Publishable with major changes: The article requires substantial changes, and the new version of the article with the changes made by the author must be resubmitted for reassessment by the peer reviewers or the members of the publishing committee.

Not publishable (Rejected): The article is not suitable for publication. Its publication would not contribute to the field of knowledge.

In the event of any differences between the recommendations of the peer reviewers, the Editor in Chief (with possible assistance from the Publishing Committee) will have the final word on the article.

The Editor in Chief will issue a certificate to the peer reviewers of the issue, which will be sent to the peer reviewer by e-mail within the next month.

Any suggestions that the peer reviewers wish to share with the Editor in Chief will be well received regarding review parameters, review indicators, ethics, and reviewer recommendations. The journal's Editor to the institutional mail Ph.D. Alberto Antonio Pino Emhart, mail

The reviewers must follow the guidelines described by COPE - Committee on Publication Ethics. Reviewers shall be deemed to be responsible for: contributing to the decision to publish, timeliness, confidentiality, ensuring objectivity standards, recognition of the source and a statement on conflicts of interest.

Step 3. Editor Decision

Persons responsible: Editor in Chief, Guest Editor.

Once recommendations have been received from at least 2 reviewers, the Editor in Chief will have 2 weeks to communicate the decision to the author.

The Editor in Chief may either Accept (Publishable), Reject (Not publishable) or request additional revisions by the authors (publishable with minor or major changes). In the event the Editor’s decision runs against the recommendations of the peer reviewers, such decision must be justified.

The decision to publish may be delegated to the guest editors (if applicable). If an editor has a conflict of interest, he/she will be excluded from the decision.

The author will receive an e-mail with the Editor’s decision, which will include a summary of the comments and suggestions made by the peer reviewers and will set a deadline for the author to complete the revision process.

Following up online: The editor’s decision will be reflected in a change in the article’s status in the submissions platform. If the decision is “Not publishable”, the article will be immediately removed from the journal’s review process and the author will find the details in the File section.

Step 4. Revision by Authors

Persons responsible: the Authors.

Time limits: Once the editor’s decision has been issued, the author will have the above time limits to review the peer reviewers’ comments, submit the changes and submit the required documentation from each author.

- Maximum of 2 weeks when the decision is Publishable with Minor Changes.

- Maximum of 4 weeks when the decision is Publishable with Major Changes.


A decision of publishable will be issued when:

1. The peer reviewers’ comments were positive, and the article was accepted for publication with no further comments from the reviewers.

2. The article required minor changes, which were made, and the article successfully passed a second round of reviews.

3. The article required major changes, which were made, and the article successfully passed a second round of reviews.

Once the final version of the article is received, a final plagiarism check is made, and the documentation is reviewed to ensure it is complete.

Following up online: Once the “Publishable” decision is issued, the article’s status in the journal’s platform will change to “Editing”. The author can view the progress of the process under the “Editing” tab.

Publishable with Minor Changes:

In this case, the article requires only minor changes that can be easily corrected. The authors must address each of the peer reviewers’ suggestions within the established time limit. In the event the author decides not to abide by any of these recommendations, he/she must provide written justification, and the Editor in Chief reserves the right to make the final decision on such considerations.

Once the changes are received, the Editor in Chief may decide to issue a decision of Publishable, or may require further clarification or changes, if necessary.

Publishable with Major Changes:

In this case, the article requires substantial changes, following which it must be reassessed. The authors must address each of the peer reviewers’ suggestions within the established time limit. In the event the author decides not to abide by any of these recommendations, he must provide written justification, and the General Editor reserves the right to make the final decision on such considerations.

Once the changes are received, the article will be submitted to publishing review.

Once the comments are received, the Editor in Chief may issue a decision of “Publishable” if all appropriate corrections were made, or “Not publishable” in the event the article does not fulfill the reviewers’ criteria.

Step 5. Correction, Production and Publication

Persons responsible: Authors, Publishing Coordinator, Assigned Layout Designer.

Time limits: 20 business days for layout and proofreading (Layout Designer).

3 business days to address any doubts that may arise in the proofreading process (Authors)

3 business days to make changes (if required) (Layout Designer).

3 business days to publish the final version online (Publishing Coordinator).

The accepted articles will be forwarded to the assigned layout designer, who will begin the proofreading and layout process. The layout designer, through the Publishing Coordinator, may make inquiries with the authors on any doubts related to style, context or layout of figures or tables (the use of technical terms, enhancements in consistency, formula structure and symbols, fonts or missing citations, etc.)

The author will have a 5-day time limit to reply to and address all the requests made by the layout designer.

The final draft version will include the DOI identifier and the assigned page numbers (Publishing Coordinator).

The publishing team will report to the author any changes made for technical or administrative reasons within the defined time limits.

Step 6. Correction and Retraction

Responsibles: Publishing Team, Editorial Committee, Authors, Readers and Relevant Institutional Instances.

Time limits: In the event of a report, 1 week to start the protocol.

Documentation: Meeting Memoranda, Institutional Protocols and Ethical Guidelines of COPE: the Committee on Publication Ethics, Singapore Statement on Research Integrity and the ELSEVIER: Publishing Ethics Resource Kit.

Latin American Legal Studies is an Open Access publication, which implies that anyone can view and verify the text without limitations and at no cost. If you as a reader have any questions about an article, you may submit your concerns, comments and suggestions by e-mail to You can also send an e-mail to the Editor to the institutional mail Ph.D. Alberto Antonio Pino Emhart, mail

If you find any errors or demonstrable ethical issues, please contact us to initiate the appropriate investigation and take immediate action. If the error or ethical problem is confirmed, the appropriate correction or retraction process will be initiated.

Corrections of important errors after the article has been published online will be published separately by means of a retraction document at the end of each edition of the journal.

Minor errors that do not affect understanding of the study will be corrected in the on-line versions within 15 days from publication.

Retractions are published when the authors, readers or editors find important errors in a published article. Such errors may be unvoluntary or the result of scientific misconduct.

The publishers will study the document in question and will contact the authors and the appropriate bodies of Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez before making the final decision on the retraction. To this effect, institutional protocols will be followed, as well as the recommendations of COPE: the Committee on Publication Ethics, Singapore Statement on Research Integrity and the ELSEVIER: Publishing Ethics Resource Kit, for the identification of the alleged misconduct or malpractice.

Rejection rate: Percentage of articles turned down per year.

2017: 0%

2018: 5%

2019: 18%

2020: 28%

2021: 42%

Upon accepting the Editor’s invitation to review the article, the reviewer must declare that he/she has no conflict of interest and will abide by the ethical, confidentiality and plagiarism standards established by the journal, which are published on its website.

Step 7. Publications Ethics and social control

The Editorial Team will take all reasonable measures to identify and prevent the publication of articles where a bad practice has occurred such as plagiarism, wrongful citation, or falsification of data. If any bad practice is found, the article will be rejected outright. If the bad practice is discovered after the publication, a retraction or correction will take place.

Readers are invited to report any plagiarism to the editor´s email address. Once the possible existence of a bad practice has been verified, the inclusion of the writing in the Journal’s editorial procedure is suspended. Then, the author will be informed. The term for submitting any observation is 10 business days. In the absence of a response or, after receiving the author’s explanations, the editor should decide the outcome. The editor’s decision is appealable before the Journal’s Editorial Committee.

Policies of Ethical and Scientific Integrity

The Latin American Legal Studies (The Journal) editorial team is committed to the highest ethical standards, quality editing and authorship practices through adhering to the principles of COPE: the Committee on Publication Ethics, Singapore Statement on Research Integrity and the ELSEVIER: Publishing Ethics Resource Kit, and the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT), which is expressed in the following criteria:

Authorship and contribution policies

Authors are considered to be those who have made a significant contribution to the research process, writing, presentation and adjustment of the manuscript according to the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT). Authors are requested to indicate in their submission letter the contribution or role of each author in the manuscript (link).

Authors are presented in the order previously established by them and should include the following information:

- Pen name (as they sign all their scientific production, vg ORCID name).

- E-mail address.

- Institutional affiliation, include city and country affiliation.

- ORCID code.

It is understood that the author who sends the manuscript or uploads it to the journal platform assumes the role of correspondence author and thus has the responsibility of correspondence throughout the editorial process.

The articles submitted to Latin American Legal Studies must be original and unpublished and must not have been submitted or be currently under review for publication in other scientific publications. They must be submitted with the consent of all the authors, and they all must commit to maintaining such conditions until a final decision is made as to whether accept or turn down its publication.

The authors must make a commitment to the journal to provide retractions or corrections of errors at any stage of the process. In the event they are detected, the requests must be made by e-mail to the editor, who shall proceed in accordance with the Publications Ethics policy.

The authors must specify the sources of financing for the research from which the submitted article is derived (research typology), to which end they must specify: the title of the project, the entity or person who financed it, and the project code or identifier (optional).

The received articles will be identified with a code and will be initially reviewed by the journal’s Editor in Chief and/or the Co-Editor to verify the relevance of the subject matter, the application of standards and scientific structure before initiating the peer review process (double blind) and its possible publication.

The reviewers’ results will be forwarded to the authors to perform the respective corrections as a condition for accepting the paper through the OJS journal management platform. Because it is a peer-reviewed journal, Latin American Legal Studies shall take into consideration the peer reviews for the effects of the publication decision.

Prior to publishing the article, the authors will authorize the journal Latin American Legal Studies to publish the work, using the form that will be provided by the Publishing Team. This form must be filled out and signed by each one of the authors. Authors will retain the copyright and full publishing rights without restrictions.

The Editorial and Scientific Committee reserves the right to change the title and the body of the accepted articles, and to make any editing changes it considers appropriate, with the aim of improving the clarity of the article as much as possible. Consequently, authors are advised to carefully draft and spell-check their articles, to use short and homogeneous paragraphs and to make adequate use of punctuation.

Plagiarism policy

Latin American Legal Studies declares that it finds plagiarism unacceptable, which implies that all articles submitted to the review process must have fulfilled the following prior to their acceptance.

Articles submitted to Latin American Legal Studies must be original and unpublished with the consent of all authors. Therefore, authors are requested to use the submission letter format in which they commit to these criteria. The journal will not publish articles previously published in another language.

The fragmentation of large papers may confuse readers or could be detected as plagiarism, thus not complying with the established criteria of originality. Therefore, authors are requested to include the respective citations in case their work mentions previous publications. Likewise, the author must be available for requests from the editorial staff and peer reviewers regarding previously published works on the subject.

All articles received will undergo a strict peer review process and be submitted to the Turnitin plagiarism detection software. If the article does not meet the specified originality criteria, it will be declared inadmissible for publication. If the article has already been published in the journal, it will be withdrawn from the respective volume in which it is available.

Latin American Legal Studies is committed to its community and, therefore, will implement necessary retractions and corrections to ensure the journal's transparency and due process in any case of errata detected or reported.

The authors are responsible for the material included in their work such as tables, graphs, photos, figures and other content necessary for the development of the publication and declare that these do not infringe copyright.

Submission Letter

All articles will be subject to a strict peer review process and will be submitted to plagiarism detection software, which implies that there must be no cases of total or partial copying or paraphrasing without due references or any other information misuse or mismanagement practices.

In the event the article does not fulfill the originality criteria, it will not be published in the journal, or it will be removed from the journal in the event such defect is found after the article has been published. The journal will also issue any appropriate retraction or other amendment required for the effects of good publishing practices.

Fraud in research

Latin American Legal Studies only receives articles resulting from research of a scientific nature, and to this effect the author must submit information on the research from which the paper is derived. Also, during the peer review process, the experts consider aspects such as: methodologies, presentation of results, argumentation and derived conclusions to ensure the consistency and accuracy of the presented information, as well as its relevance and contribution to the field of study.

Authors are advised to have available evidence on the information used, because such information and data and other sources of the contents may be requested by the editor and/or the reviewers. Any manipulation, forgery or fabrication of citations and data will be grounds to turn down the article.

Submission of a copy of the article

Latin American Legal Studies establishes in its instructions for authors that the articles submitted for publication must not have been or be currently under review by other publications. The articles must be original and unpublished, and must be submitted with the consent of all the authors, who must make a commitment to Latin American Legal Studies to maintain such conditions until such time as a decision is made on whether or not it will be published.

The plagiarism management policy does not allow the publication of papers that do not adequately handle “paraphrasing.” In cases when the idea is derived from several articles, the original text must be cited using quotation marks and an appropriation citation must be included.

The journal has also established that it will not publish articles that have been previously published in a any language. Latin American Legal Studies does not accept such option.


Latin American Legal Studies establishes that all articles must be unpublished and original. Since the fragmentation of larger works may cause confusion for readers, authors are advised that if their work mentions other studies that have been previously published, adequate citations must be provided for such studies, and the same information should not be repeated because it could be detected as a match that runs against the originality criteria established by the journal. The author must also be available to reply to any inquiries from the publishing team and the peer reviewers regarding previous works published on the topic.

Latin American Legal Studies has committed to the community to issue any retractions or erratum that may be required to ensure the transparency of the journal, and to due process in the event of any case that may be detected or reported.

Handling of complaints and appeals

The complaint or appeal procedure begins through communication with the journal's Editor to the institutional mail Ph.D. Alberto Antonio Pino Emhart, mail The Editor will confirm by e-mail the receipt of the communication and evaluate the merits of the complaint or appeal, informing the Editorial Committee, which has a period of two weeks to decide on the matter.

The Committee may respond by closing the complaint or appeal or by initiating an investigation, which should be communicated to the parties by means of a report.

In the case of initiating an investigation, the parties will be asked to provide further background information or statements of objections based on which a decision will be made. This decision may include the rejection of the complaint, a request for further background information or the approval of the complaint. In all cases, the decision will be communicated by means of the Committee meeting notes.

When the information involves the confirmation of the complaint or denunciation, the communication will be shared with the parties as well as with the plaintiff’s affiliated institution.

If the complaint or appeal situation warrants it, an amendment or correction of the corresponding publication will be made in a retraction document in the following issue.

Conflict of interest policies

Latin American Legal Studies establishes strict criteria to avoid conflicts of interest during the article review process.

It is established that authors must submit a wholly anonymized version of the manuscript which does not allow the identification of authors, institutions, individuals, or funding sources.

It is also established that peer reviewers must be people with research experience and scientific publications.

The Latin American Legal Studies peer review process is double-blind, which upholds objectivity throughout the process, since neither authors nor reviewers will know one others’ identities.

Latin American Legal Studies ensures that the anonymized communication between authors and reviewers meets the appropriate academic criteria in relation to comments and evaluations of manuscripts. The criteria for establishing the results of the evaluation of a manuscript will be established in the peer review process section.

Latin American Legal Studies ensures that there are no conflicts of interest in the peer review process, and to this effect it has established the following criteria:

1. The selected peer reviewers with expertise in the subject matter of the article must have prior publications of scientific nature on the selected subject.

2. For the effects of initiating the review process, its double-blind nature shall be verified, to ensure that the authors and the reviewers do not know each other’s identities, to assure objectivity in handling the paper.

3. Based on the reviewers’ opinions, a consensus will be reached with the editor to jointly determine whether the article is accepted without changes or accepted with changes (minor or substantial) to be made by the authors or turned down. The authors will receive said decision from the editor.

Authors should also have all required permissions to disclose any information that involves naming or mentioning other entities or persons and should clearly state any appropriate previous results used for the research, including informed consents and mentions or acknowledgements of sources of financing and persons who assisted in the research.

For additional information on the review process, please see our Author’s Guidelines.

Policies on data exchange and reproducibility

Latin American Legal Studies recommends that authors facilitate the exchange and reproducibility of data provided that this does not imply a breach of prior agreements on confidentiality and protection of the identity of research subjects. In any case, it should be considered that the data used may be requested by editors or evaluators as part of the review process. Authors can associate an article with the corresponding dataset by cross-referencing them. It is recommended that this cross-reference is in both directions: from the dataset to the article, as well as from the article to the dataset. Authors can deposit the dataset in the platform of their choice. Latin American Legal Studies recommends the use of Mendeley Data.

Ethical oversight policies

The Latin American Legal Studies Editorial Board will request information from the authors regarding the ethical standards of the research, which should follow the principles of the Singapore Declaration on Integrity in Research.

When appropriate, authors should indicate the ethical procedures developed in their research and, at the request of the editors or reviewers, they should provide relevant information regarding the ethical safeguards developed, especially in all matters involving consent or assent, or regarding the authorization of the use of databases.

The use of photographs in which people appear must have the proper authorizations and must not generate any damage or harm to the people who appear in the images.

Intellectual property policy

All manuscripts published in The Journal are the sole responsibility of their authors and do not reflect the opinion of the Latin American Legal Studies Editorial Board.

It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that the work is unpublished and original.

Latin American Legal Studies is published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, which means that you a re free to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially). Authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights without restrictions.

Corrections policies

Latin American Legal Studies promotes the generation of discussions and debates around the published manuscripts; therefore, when the Editorial Committee deems appropriate, responses or letters to the Editor will be published, which should be sent to the following e-mail address: Ph.D. Alberto Pino Emhart, mail

Post-publication corrections or requests for withdrawal of articles should be sent to the Editorial Committee at the previously indicated e-mail address, which will be evaluated according to the terms established in letter c) of this guideline.

Privacy and use of information policies

Names and mailing addresses entered in this journal will be used exclusively for the purposes of the editorial process, including notices of new publications or calls for submissions, and will not be made available to any other purpose, person, or organization. Latin American Legal Studies does not permit advertising or marketing on the journal's site.