The role of the judiciary in Latin American criminal procedural systems has been significantly modified with the transition from inquisitorial or mixed models to accusatorial and adversarial models. This shift has allowed for a focus of judicial work on protecting rights and guarantees in the investigative and intermediate phases and on adjudication during the trial phase. However, these new roles require criteria and standards to precisely delineate the tribunals' actions within the context of a tripartite criminal procedural system that allocates highly differentiated functions and tasks among prosecutors, defense, and the judiciary.


Guarantee Judge Role of Guarantee Tribunals Powers Criterion Standard Protection of Guarantees Control Ex officio